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sábado, 27 de febrero de 2010

Famosos con rasgos autistas

Pipi Calzaslargas es uno de los personajes de ficción con rasgos de síndrome de Asperger, un tipo de autismo caracterizado, generalmente, por un alto coeficiente intelectual, pero con una baja capacidad para socializar y comunicarse.


El personaje de Pipi parece encajar: no se da cuenta de que hacía sentir terriblemente incómoda a la gente “normal”. Viste como quiere sin importarle lo que digan los demás. Su mejor amigo es un mono. Es muy literal (“¿Padece usted de pecas?", leyó en un cartel de una tienda. Pipi entró para decirle a la dependienta: “No, no padezco de pecas, al contrario, me gustan”). No estaba segura de cómo actuar en una reunión social en casa de sus amigos. Prefería “ser un pirata que asistir a ninguna reunión”.

Hace unos años, el profesor Michael Fitzgerald, psiquiatra infantil del Trinity College, en Dublín, Irlanda, se entretuvo en hacer una lista de figuras históricas que encajaban, según él, dentro del espectro autista: Sócrates, Charles Darwin, William Butler Yeats, Andy Warhol, … Lo publicó en un libro titulado 'Autism and Creativity: Is There a Link Between Autism in Men and Exceptional Ability?' (Autismo y creatividad: ¿Hay una relación entre autismo y una habilidad excepcional)

“A Yeats, por ejemplo, le iba muy mal en el colegio. No pudo aprobar el ingreso al Trinity College y sus profesores le describían como “insulso y desmoralizador”. A sus padres, les dijeron que nunca conseguiría nada”, cuenta Fitgerald. Esto, según este especialista, es típico de las personas con Asperger. No encajan porque no se relacionan con otros. Se les ve como raros o excéntricos y puede que, a consecuencia de ello, se burlen de ellos en el colegio.

Aquí hay una lista de personas, de ficción o no, que han mostrado rasgos de Asperger:



Personajes infantiles

Blas (Barrio Sésamo)
Calvin (de Calvin y Hobbes)
Pippi Calzaslargas



Personajes de ficción

Dilbert
Lisa Simpson (Los Simpsons)
Mr. Bean
Steve Urkel
Mr. Spock
Eduardo Manostijeras
Melvin Udall (interpretado por Jack Nicholson en Mejor imposible)
Raymond Babbitt (interpretado por Dustin Hoffman en Rain Man)
William Forrester (interpretado por Sean Connery en Finding Forrester)
El monstruo de Frankenstein
Henry Higgins (interpretado por Rex Harrison en My Fair Lady)
Ignatius Reilly (La conjura de los necios)
Phileas Fogg (La vuelta al mundo en ochenta días)
Sherlock Holmes
Ed Chigliak (interpretado por Darren E. Burrows en Doctor en Alaska)
Jim Dial (interpretado por Charles Kimbrough en Murphy Brown)




Personalidades históricas

Hans Christian Andersen
Béla Bartók
Ludwig van Beethoven
Henry Cavendish
Thomas Edison
Albert Einstein
Henry Ford
Franz Kafka
H P Lovecraft
Gustav Mahler
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Isaac Newton
Friedrich Nietzsche
Bertrand Russell
Richard Strauss
Henry Thoreau
Alan Turing
Mark Twain
Vincent Van Gogh
Isaac Asimov
Hans Asperger
Alfred Hitchcock
Howard Hughes
Andy Warhol
James Joyce
Wasily Kandinsky


Personalidades actuales

Woody Allen
Bob Dylan
Bobby Fischer
Bill Gates
Al Gore
John Nash
Michael Palin
Keanu Reeves
Oliver Sacks
James Taylor
Daryl Hannah
Dan Aykroyd
Gary Numan
David Byrne

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